Neil (2011). Retrieved fromhttp://www.coetail.com/neilcommons/2011/09/07/flipping-the-students/

Neil (2011). Retrieved from http://www.coetail.com/neilcommons/2011/09/07/flipping-the-studentsTo Flip

To Flip

Flipping a classroom is where students watch lectures and learn concepts on their own time with the use of online instructional videos, then work on those concepts with the assistance of the teacher and peers in the classroom. This is where homework become classwork, however, it goes beyond this definition because the true nature of a flipped classroom includes students who are being held responsible for the information they learn. Also,  students become “alive” in their classrooms because they are discussing information and helping one another. Salman Khan in the video “ Let’s use video to reinvent education” explains that in a flipped classroom teachers are using technology to humanize their classrooms because during a “one size fits all” lecture the teacher is the only one talking, however when the teacher doesn’t have to lecture anymore because the students have already learned/ have been introduce to the concepts then the students are the ones asking questions, interacting with their peers and the teacher can walk around and provide each student 1:1 time making sure they understand the concept. As our textbook Using Inquiry in the Classroom explains, “in a lesson that integrates technology, the technology itself does not take the lead role but rather is used to communicate, analyze, and present information” (Coffman, 2013, p. 153). In a flipped classroom technology allows students to have a more student-centered classroom where students can express their ideas and build relationships with peers and teachers.  Also, teachers can challenge all students (those who master the content and those who are struggling with the content) in various ways as Jonathan Bergan a science teacher who has  flipped his classrooms  mentions that it allows him to differentiate instruction by challenging each student in different ways since now he has the time to do so by spending 1:1 time with each student.  (Learning4Mastery, 2010).

Good pedagogy?

In my opinion any teaching method is good pedagogy if it is effective. According to the flipped classroom infographic, flipped classrooms have decreased the number of students failing freshmen English and math. Also, the number of discipline cases in  flipped classrooms is lower than in regular classrooms  (Strayer, 2011) . In addition, allowing students to learn at their own pace is good pedagogy because it gives students the option to go back to the digital lectures and refresh their knowledge as many times as they have to before they move on to the next concept.  Many concepts that students learn are based on previous knowledge and learned concepts, if students don’t remember a previous concept then how are they supposed to learn and master a new one?  The digital lectures are always available for students to watch.

What about students who can’t watch the videos on their own time?

I heard about the flipped classroom teaching strategy a year ago from an education professor at UMW (Dr. Broome). I like the concept of having a more student-centered classroom, yet my first question was, “what happens if students don’t have the resources (internet, computers, etc) at home to watch the videos?” However, after reading and exploring information about the flipped classroom I realized that schools can provide students who don’t have the resources with opportunities to watch the videos during school hours or after school hours since the videos are not suppose to be longer than ten minutes. For example, in study hall or flex where students have the opportunity to make up work or watch the videos. Also, teachers who have a flipped classroom advice other teachers to burn DVDs and give them to those students who don’t have internet access at home (they mention that it is cheap to burn DVDs however, perhaps schools can provide “flipping” teachers with an amount of DVDs per year). Also, if students can stay after school they can watch the videos in the library or classroom and take the after school bus home. Furthermore, since this is a new method of teaching that is being incorporated in schools parents must be involved because if they are not involved they are not going to understand how the flipped classroom works and how is going to benefit their children. Teachers should send letters home to parents during the first week of school explaining what is the flipped classroom and encourage parents to e-mail them if they have any questions. Also,re- explain the concept of the flipped classroom during back-to-school night.

Flipping in my future classroom?

This approach can be implemented effectively in my classroom if I introduce my students and their parents to the flipped classroom  and I make sure they understand why flipping my classroom is beneficial for them or for the children. I came across this video that explains how to prepare students for a flipped classroom. Also, it is fundamental to hold our students accountable for the information and concepts they must learn on their own. I joined The Flipped Class Network where I learned many techniques about the flipped classroom by joining groups and reading advice from teachers who have  flipped their classrooms.  A member Lupe Fisch shared her experience,  “one of the most challenging aspects of flipping for me has been how to make students accountable for the learning they do at home.  Since I need them to do that learning in a fully active mode, and really master those basics so we can work more creatively in class, I always try to come up with what I call “accountability pieces,” which are usually quick online quizzes they have to take until they clear 90% or sentences they have to bring to class” (Fisch, 2013).  I think these are great ideas to hold our students accountable!

To Flip in English or Spanish?

I am studying to become a Spanish teacher and I came across a great question in The Flipped Class Network do I flip meaning to I teach the concept using English or Spanish? A member Emilia Carrillo gave me great advice, “when flipping I use English at the beginning to deliver my grammar videos. There is a point when I switch and do everything directly in Spanish. At school I only speak Spanish though” (Carrillo, 2012). This is great advice! It makes sense to teach the concepts to beginners in English because I want to make sure they are learning the concept  (since they most likely won’t have any assistance when they are watching the videos at home) and then use only Spanish in upper level classes.

I created this short instructional video using brainshark where I teach  students the concept of how to conjugate the verb ser (to be). I like the flipped classroom teaching strategy and creating this video made me realize how much more time I will have in my future classrooms to make sure each student is understanding the concept.

References

Coffman. T. (2013). Using inquiry in the classroom: Developing creative thinkers  and information literate students. (2nd Ed.). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield  Education.

Carrillo E. (2012, May 28). Re: Do you flip in English or the target language? [web group comment]. Retrieved from http://flippedclassroom.org/group/foreign-language-teachers/forum/topics/do- you-flip-in-english-or-the-target-language

Fisch L. (2013, January 25). How do you make sure students are mastering the basics at   home? [web group post]. Retrieved from http://flippedclassroom.org/group/foreign-language teachers/forum/topics/how- do-you-make-sure-students-are-mastering- the-basics-at-home

Learning4Mastery (2010, December 16). Flipped-mastery classroom [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch? feature=player_embedded&v=nEfojG9ckYA

Salman khan: Let’s use video to reinvent education [Web]. (2011). Retrieved from             http://www.ted.com/talks/salman_khan_let_s_use_video_to_reinvent_education.h tml

Strayer, J. F. (2011). The flipped classroom infrographic. Retrieved from   http://www.knewton.com/flipped-classroom/